More than 1.3 million people are killed in road accidents every year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Seeing this, many governments have started promoting the usage of vehicles with advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). Such moves have picked pace especially since the realization that most of the road crashes are a result of human errors, such as driving at more than the mandated speed limit, talking on the phone or sleeping while driving, cutting tight corners, jumping red lights, and driving too close to the automobile in front.
This is why P&S Intelligence predicts that the automotive LiDAR market value will increase to $14,754.7 million by 2030 from $289.3 million in 2019, at a high 26.1% CAGR during 2020–2030. This is because the light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology is used by numerous safety systems now being integrated into automobiles, such as adaptive cruise control (ACC), blind spot detection (BSD), automatic emergency braking (AEB), and lane keeping assistance system (LKAS).
Among these, the usage of LiDAR sensors is increasing swiftly in AEB systems, as they help prevent accidents by warning drivers if they get too close to the vehicle in front. The electronic control module of the system measures the pressure on the throttle (accelerator) to ascertain whether it is pressed or not. If the vehicle comes too close to the one in front and if the driver hasn’t yet stepped off the gas, it applies the brakes automatically. Thus, even if the AEB system cannot prevent the accident, it considerably reduces the severity of the crash.
Presently, Europe is generating the highest demand for LiDAR sensors and LiDAR-based systems because of the strict mandates of the European Union (EU) regarding road safety. The EU has made the integration of AEB, intelligent speed assistance, and emergency stop signal systems a mandate in all commercial and passenger vehicles in member countries. Moreover, regional automakers, including Volkswagen and BMW, are undertaking extensive R&D on autonomous driving systems. In addition, several European countries have allowed the testing of fully autonomous vehicles in controlled environments.
Hence, with the rising demand for autonomous vehicles, the requirement for autonomous LiDAR sensors is increasing.