Understanding the exact roles and functions of each element on the electrical panel will help you in an array of different ways. For example, it will help you decode the cause behind each reasoning to figure out the root problems leading to this.
Commonly known as the control panel, it is also referred to as the electrical panel and safety panel. Its primary functions are to control electric installations and to safeguard both individuals and appliances connected to the network from damage.
Here are the different components of the electrical panel -
Power Control Switch (PCS)
It is allocated in the first position as a part of the electrical panel, before the Automatic General Switch (AGS), which we’ll get into later.
The PCS plays the role of cutting the electrical supply in cases of overload or short-circuit. This helps in preventing damages to the installation.
In some cases, the PCS is isolated from the rest of the switches, with its own unique seal and cap (in the case of an old panel which does not have a remote-controlled management system). This is done to prevent it from being handled, replaced or bridged, given that any of these situations would result in defrauding the system. In new meters, the PCS is blended into the panel itself, so taking measures to prevent it from being handled is not necessary.
Automatic General Switch (AGS)
The Automatic General Switch is a component only present in modern electrical panels. If your electrical panel is outdated, you will not find this inside it. Its function is to cut off the supply for the entire building in the event of a short circuit or a power overload, either due to a large number of domestic appliances being turned on or because of a short circuit.
The AGS ensures that the installation’s maximum limit is not exceeded. You could have a supply of 10 kW of power, but if your installation is not furnished to handle more than 6 kW, it is a waste, given that the AGS will shut off when it is exceeded.
This is another component included in newly installed panels that help enhance safety. The surge protector, as its name suggests, safeguards the home’s electrical apparatuses from damages caused by power surges irrespective of their nature.
These voltage peaks may be produced, for example, if lightning strikes due to bad weather, which can cause damage to the equipment, to the installation and even to people. In this scenario, the SP will act as a shield deviating the current to the earth connection, thus preventing damage to electrical appliances.
This element guards the installation against current leakages, preventing a “spark” which could lead to injuries and damages.
Small Power Switches (SPS)
These switches separately regulate the supply of electricity to various domestic appliances and electric circuits: washing machines, lighting, refrigerators, outlets, etc. In the case of any default, the switch automatically disconnects. These can be DP switches (double-pole).
#SchneiderElectricIndia is an established brand that has explored the domain of electric panels and electrical protection in general. Along with panels, you can also explore remote control switches as well.