FDA In Brief: FDA Announces Public Workshop to Reconsider Mandatory Prescriber Education for Opioids
- For Immediate Release:
The following quote is attributed to Patrizia Cavazzoni, M.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research
“The opioid crisis continues to evolve and there are still relevant concerns with overprescribing, especially among vulnerable populations.
Although many public and private entities have independently implemented their own education programs and other interventions to encourage safe and effective prescribing practices for opioid analgesics, there is no consistent education that all prescribers are required to take about the safe use of opioid medicines. Therefore, these programs likely differ with regard to content, focus and duration.
The FDA recognizes that there may be new opportunities to improve prescriber education through the Opioid Analgesic Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy and ensure that the education is being delivered in a way that minimizes the burden on the healthcare delivery system.
The upcoming public workshop is the beginning of an important series of discussions with a broad group of stakeholders as the agency explores the value of mandatory opioid prescriber education on the appropriate use of opioids, the risks of opioid abuse and misuse and the treatment of opioid use disorder to address multiple needs and reduce the burden on prescribers.
Opioid addiction and abuse remain a serious public health crisis and addressing it is among the FDA’s highest priorities. We will continue to explore new approaches that allow us to confront the crisis head-on.”
- The FDA is reconsidering the need for mandatory opioid prescriber education through the Opioid Analgesic (OA) Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS).
- The agency announced a two-day public workshop “Reconsidering Mandatory Opioid Prescriber Education Through a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) in an Evolving Opioid Crisis” to give stakeholders an opportunity to provide input on aspects of the current opioid crisis that could be mitigated in a measurable way by requiring mandatory prescriber education as part of a REMS.
- Among the diverse topics that will be discussed, the FDA will explore the value of a single source for education on the appropriate use of opioids, risks of opioid abuse and misuse and treatment of opioid use disorder to address multiple needs and reduce the burden on prescribers.
- The number of dispensed prescriptions for opioid analgesics has been steadily declining from a peak of 84 prescriptions per 100 residents in 2012 to 43 prescriptions per 100 residents in 2020.
- A wide variety of interventions intended to reduce inappropriate or unnecessary prescribing, including prescriber education initiatives.
- Despite this decrease in dispensing, opioid overdoses and opioid-involved deaths are higher than ever, with opioids often seen in combination with other substances such as cocaine, methamphetamine and benzodiazepines.
- This rise has been driven primarily by a surge in overdose deaths initially involving heroin and then illicitly manufactured fentanyl and fentanyl analogues. Although these overdose deaths largely involve illicit substances, many users of illicit opioids are initially exposed to opioids through nonmedical use of prescription opioids. Moreover, as of 2020, prescription opioids were involved in more than 16,000 fatal overdoses per year, higher than the number seen at the peak of opioid analgesic dispensing in 2012.
- The workshop is being convened by the Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy and supported by a cooperative agreement between the FDA and Duke-Margolis. A second public workshop is being planned to solicit input on additional issues associated with a move to mandatory prescriber education under a REMS, such as operational and technical issues related to such a system and what should be included in potential mandatory prescriber education
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA.gov)