Organ on chips is a 3-D microfluidic cell structure chip which simulates a specific organ in the body along with its mechanics and physiological responses using technique from computer chip manufacturing industry which can perform processes such as breathing, peristalsis and infection. The organ on chips is playing a significant role in the drug discovery and research domains to help in achieving higher accuracy for detection of toxicity and testing to reduce the amount of drug failing in clinical trials for humans.
It also plays a crucial role in disease modelling as multiple lives of animals are saved which were otherwise lost owing to traditional testing models. Moreover, there was no guarantee for traditional animal models to accurately mimic human pathophysiology. The organ chip is composed of a flexible polymer which is of the size of computer memory stick which is having hollow micro fluid channels for human organ specific cells which is surrounded by physical microenvironment of living organs.
The rising health issues and the growing demand for lung and kidney based organ culture devices are suggested to have a significant impact on the global organ-on-chip market for the forecast period. Furthermore, growing initiatives by prominent organizations for implementing the organ on chips technology is suggested to boost the organ-on-chip market. For instance, in 2017, Netherlands Organization for scientific research (NWO) discussed its plans for the Netherland organ on chip initiative focused on advancements and growth of the same.
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However, mimicking the highly complex architecture of human organs is suggested to be one of the hurdles for the global organ on chip market for the forecast period. The growing healthcare industry of the Asia pacific region and the high median age in China, which is one of the most significant economies in the Asia Pacific region are suggested to be major factors impacting the growth of the global organ-on-chip market for the forecast period.
The global organ-on-chip market can be segmented into four segments namely type, application, end use industries and regions. As per the type segment the organ-on-chip market can be further divided into five sub segments namely-liver on chip, heart on chip, lung on chip, kidney on chip and others. As per application the global organ-on-chip market could be divided into three sub parts namely- drug discovery, toxicology research and other.